High level of glucose in the blood is the coefficient for two types od of diabetes I & II. The case can occur if the pancreas does not produce insulin or manufactured insulin does not act properly. The molecular basis of diabetes are issues associated with signaling and response to the insulin hormone. Insulin receptors located on top of the cell membrane do not react appropriately to insulin. Therefore their function is impaired and glucose uptake from blood is stopped.
Disease diagnosed in the early stage of human life usually in children or adolescences. Diabetes I, do not produce insulin. About 10% of diabetes patients have those forms of the disease. Diabetes I, can progress rapidly and may have a severe negative impact. This type of diabetes is not associated with obesity or overweight. The disease is associated with genetic predispositions.
About 90% of patients suffer from diabetes II. Insulin hormones do not suit their function, are not manufactured, or do not work properly. There are many factors that may involve developing diabetes II. Heritage genetic predisposition to disease is one of those. The risk factor of diabetes II increasing dramatically when the patient is overweight or obese. Diabetes II, may increase gradually in time, patients may not experience any noticeable symptoms. Some of them are not diagnosed on time. Diabetes II, may implicit to major complications. Some complications may lead to limb amputations or to blindness.
Surgery procedures for obese people are available. Procedures like liposuction are suitable for some patients. Major interventions like stomach surgery may be appropriate for severely obese patients. These invasive methods should be last resort treatment. Metformin is one of the most popular drugs prescribed by doctors to treat diabetes conditions.
The most effective treatment advised is to change life-style. Effective treatment is associated with physical activities. Regular exercises can lead to remission of diabetes II. Correct treatment scenarios depend on the individual medical conditions. If you are diagnosed with any other medical condition you should obey the doctor’s prescription. If you are diabetic you must take your medication. The best advice to treat obesity is to decrease the number of ingested calories and increase physical activity. However, that advice may be difficult to obey. Adopting new routines may be a challenging process. Therefore, participation in local weight loss groups may be a wise solution. Changing to low-calorie diets is an obvious way on the path to a healthy lifestyle.
Diet and exercise
Resignation from snacking fried crisps, maybe the first step to gain control of our eating behaviors. Experimental researches aim at fat extractions was done by students at De Montfort University 2021. Results reveal that baked crisps contain significantly less fat than those one fried with oil. Changing eating behavior to a more healthy one can gradually lead to rebuilding nutrition routines. Some patients do not take prescribed medicines and do not introduce daily physical activity into their daily routines. Untreated obesity can be lethal. Fast diagnose of diabetes I&II can lead to keeping the disease under control. However, gp constraints are not always abode by patients it results in complications. Therefore diabetes I & II are expensive expenditures for the NHS budget cost 10% of the total. The negative impact of those directly influences economical indicators. £10 billion each year is spend by NHS to treat diabetes. This cost includes dealing with complications occurred of treat diabetes.
Lee A, el at (12.10.2019) Social and Environmental Factors Influencing Obesity, Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK278977/#NBK278977_dtls (Accessed: 25.02.2021).
Jebb S. A. & Moore M.S (1999) ‘Contribution of a sedentary lifestyle and inactivity to the etiology of overweight and obesity: current evidence and research issues’, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, Volume 31(Issue 11), pp. S534–S541.
Kun-Ho Yoon, et al (2006) Epidemic obesity and type 2 diabetes in Asia, Available at: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.475.8955&rep=rep1&type=pdf (Accessed: 25.02.2021).
Gatineau M, et al (2014) Adult obesity and type 2 diabetes, Available at: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/338934/Adult_obesity_and_type_2_diabetes_.pdf (Accessed: 25.02.2021).
Kelvin H M Kwok, et al (2016) ‘Heterogeneity of white adipose tissue: molecular basis and clinical implications’, Experimental & Molecular Medicine, 48
Bruno J, et al, (2021) Pexels / Pictures Stock Database / files used for graphic content purpose., Available at: https://www.pexels.com/license/ (Accessed: 25.02.2021).