It must to me mentioned that problem solving and decision making have the same approaches. There are many strategies to tackle the issues. However, all of those have a common denominatorit is a strategy helping to discover the main issue and gradually progress into desirable outcomes. In counselling we adopt the leader where on the bottom we aim to identify all problems or decision. Then we chose the particular case to work out. We should identify a wide range of possible solution. Therfore, we pick the best solution appropriate to the scenario. If we have a solution then we build an manageable action plan. The next step is to proceed action plan. After proceeding action plan we finally may focus on evaluation. If there is one than one main issue. Those steps should be repeated.
There are many strategies I would like to emphasize to technique developed by Tony Buzan called mind mapping. Techniques proposed by Napoleon Hill in his book Think and Grow Rich for example brainstorming is worth of consideration. On each single stage we should conduct reality testing according to most famous psychologist Sigmund Freud. Some of the business approaches as Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats (SWOT) are relatively easy to proceed. Additional practice is called SMART and it is abbreviation from Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant, Time-bound this metodes may be used to determine the goals. Important and simple tool seems to be a classic cost/benefit analysis.
No metter what metod will be chosen, the role of counsellor is to provide different perspective to individual and equipped them in appropriate tools to reflect on situation rather then act emotionally.