18 Explain legal aspects of anti-discriminatory practice. (AC 3.3)

18 Explain legal aspects of anti-discriminatory practice.

Ethical conduct code must to consider each time when there is a discriminatory suspicion. Many aspect of counsellors is underpinned by UK law. Belong to professional body abide counselors to its practice code. However, there is no requirement to do so. The Equality Act 2010 as previously mentioned provides clear constraints on what is discrimination and must to be obeyed. Counselors public service offers must not discriminate and should make their services accessible to any person.

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12 Evaluate own experiences or observations of possible discrimination. (AC 1.2)

12 Evaluate own experiences or observations of possible discrimination. (AC 1.2)

The short story from my previous work may show how liquid and sensitive the issue of discrimination is. I worked on behalf of NHS in the COVID-19 vaccination program. My main duty was to assign people to vaccination. At the beginning of the program, all consultants get a script and form that each singular person should be asked about gender. From my perspective, it was not appropriate to ask 89 years old person if this person is binary or non-binary, or transgender. Older people do not have a chance to pick a gender as we have right now. Of course, we can state that they have the same rights. They absolutely have, but if we ask this kind of question we distinguish them between people who had a chance to change sex with those individual whose age does not provide this chance. They have two options to be man or women sex was assigned with born. Those questions ask to seniors seem not to be nice or even intrusive or offensive. In meter of fact, they were. I shared my experiences about the issue with coordinators and the formula for dealing with seniors changed. Those kinds of questions were removed from the conversation script with seniors. This short story illustrates how plastic and flexible the issue of discrimination may be. And how sensitive and empathic staff should be to avoid discrimination. In this place, we must mention that language has its own limitation list of pronouns in language that stay unchangeable.

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11 Explain ways in which people experience discrimination. (AC 1.1)


The Equality Act 2010 clearly defined what is discrimination. List include nine main characteristic. It is illegal to distinguish people based on traits or qualities. People can not be discriminated based on:


sex orientation

typed gender

sexual perfection


race of person including the color of individual skin, nationality

religion or beliefs associated with, ethnic or national origin

being pregnant or on maternity leave

being married or in a civil partnership

The act describes main themes of discrimination. Firstly it is direct discrimination. The situation has a place when individuals treat another person unfairly according to the protected characteristics listed above. Secondly, indirect discrimination. The situation occurs when a policy favor individual versus another and therefore the unfair disadvantage or advantage has a place. Finally, we have an issue of classic harassment. It have place when an individual feels intimidated humiliated or offended by undesired treatment from another person. Harassment has a wide form and may have a place in a form of jokes, physical gestures or maybe proceeded by language in spoken or written form. If any not included here behavior leads to feeling uncomfortable or is offensive then it is harassment. Victimization is a situation when the person is discriminated against because of a submitted complaint. In addition discrimination by association occurred when one person is discriminated against because of their association with a person who has protected characteristics. Discrimination by perception is a situation when an individual is treated not appropriately by someone who believe that have protected characteristic but the fact is that do not have it. In general, people may experience discrimination and be marginalized because of others’ attitudes and perceptions toward them. The best example to illustrate the issue is the act of terror. If public media display the religion of terrorists who commit crimes, some people may stigmatize all of the religions because of the act of one singular man. On the other hand situation may be investigated from point of one man or group of people.

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